What is meant by an artificial satellite? How are the satellites classified based on their functions?


An astronomical object revolving around the earth or any other planet is the natural satellite. Similarly, an artificial satellite is the man-made object that orbits around the earth or another planet in a fixed orbit. Meanwhile, as per their functions, satellites are classified into following categories:

  • Weather satellite used to study and predict weather
  • Communication satellite used to establish communication between two different locations of the world using specific waves
  • Broadcast satellite helps to locate any place on the earth’s surface in terms of precise latitude and longitude
  • Military Satellite used to collect information for security purposes
  • Earth Observation Satellite used to study forests, deserts, oceans, to explore and manage natural resources, observe and provide guidance in case of natural calamities or disasters, etc.

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